Language development happens in pre-primary children by making them listen to various phonetic sounds, letters, songs and music. They will take some time to learn to read and write but speech develops very fast when they begin to interact with their peers. Mentors at this stage are continuously speaking and interacting with the children through speech, gestures and actions.
Fine motor skills are all about eye hand coordination which develops in the child gradually by doing activities like sprinkling sand on pictures, thumb printing, cutting and folding papers and so on. Holding a pencil or a crayon properly may not be possible for the pre-nursery kid therefore activities are well thought of to match the age groups accordingly.
Learning about own body parts and also about personal hygiene makes the child become independent. Among the various activities children also learn how to dress up or change clothes, tie shoes, use the wash room and keep the surroundings clean.
Cognitive development is a broad area that covers logical reasoning, perception, awareness, and judgment. This area develops by exposing the small children to explore various activities which they are so much curious about and keen to discover. Rather than spoon-feeding children are guided to do self-exploration and find answers themselves thereby learning to comprehend facts from a very tender age.
Pre-nursery kids have immense energy as they are growing up very fast. They are given ample opportunities to run, play, jump, climb, hop and crawl which eventually develops the bigger muscles in the body especially the limbs. Suitable toys and apparatus are used which help the children to build muscle control, balance and dexterity.
Children begin to interact and communicate with a peer which is the beginning of their social life. Learning to set rules of games, wait and take turns and negotiating in the process is the natural way to develop socio-emotional area of a child. Proper mannerisms and appropriate behaviour are taught by mentors at this stage through dramatization and role plays which are also means of self expression and venting emotions for the children.